Compliance with Standards

Identifying and addressing relevant process safety standards, codes, regulations, and laws over the life of a process is one of the five elements in the RBPS pillar of committing to process safety.  Resources in this section describe processes for maintaining adherence to applicable standards, codes, regulations, and laws (standards), the attributes of a standards system, and the steps an organization might take to implement the standards element.  Start with reading an Introduction to Compliance with Standards, then explore resources like the Process Safety and Risk Management of Chemical Parks and more below.

Identifying Root Causes in Auditing

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 10:15am-10:45am
AIChE 9th Global Congress on Process Safety April 28-May 1, 2013 San Antonio, TX Call for Papers Title: Identifying Root Causes in Auditing Authors:...

A Guide to the Legal Framework of the PSM Standard for Engineers

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 9:00am-9:30am
A Guide to the Legal Framework of the Process Safety Management Standard for Engineers By Christopher J. Cunio, Esq. and Georges A. Melhem, Ph.D. The...

Process Safety: At the Heart of Operations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 29, 2013 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
Process Safety is no longer a supporting function but core business in any organization that operates high risk facilities. To ensure a safe and...

PSM OSHA Citations and the Litigation Process: What Are the Risks?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 29, 2013 - 11:30am-12:00pm
Many process safety professionals do not fully understand the risks associated with receiving PSM OSHA citations and the litigation process before...

Safety in the LNG Value Chain

Archived Webinar
Dec 12, 2012
In this webinar, presenters describe and examine potential LNG (liquefied natural gas) hazards and risk-reduction methods for the LNG value chain ―...

Evaluation of Dispersion Models for LNG Siting Applications

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
The federal safety standards for LNG facilities under 49 CFR Part 193 approves the use of specific dispersion models for performing vapor-gas...

Design Challenges in Tankage Modernization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
In order to comply with regulation requirements, a refinery needs to perform major revamps to produce different grades of Diesel, namely ULSD, Off-...

Process safety status in China

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
Process safety status in China

Opportunities and Challenges for Advanced Biofuel Industry

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Biofuels have been criticized for leading to rise in food costs. Advanced biofuels steer clear of this controversy as they are produced mostly from...

Safety Management System Challenges for Small Companies

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Ester Brawley, Steve Maher “Unique Challenges Facing Small Companies Developing and Implementing PSM” Small Companies that are subject to PSM face...

Work Output of Multicomponent LNG Mixtures in Two-Phase Expanders

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
A two-phase expander recovers more work from a multicomponent LNG mixture than a single phase expander. The calculation of the recoverable work...

Use PFFM Instead of Hazop

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
While accepted world-wide as being the standard for process hazard analysis for many years, the HazOp review technique is cumbersome. This drives the...

The Benefits of a Risk-Based Approach to Facility Siting

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Facility Siting has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years, and is an important aspect of process safety for plant personnel and their...

Maintain Safety Excellence in Laboratory Test Facilities

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Our laboratory contains calorimeters to characterize reactive chemical hazards and multiple different instruments to characterize both dust and gas/...

Process Safety - Management or Leadership?

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Process Safety Management is often presented as technically complex, requiring a large staff of engineers and specialists with an array of tools and...

Tutorial on Combustible Dust

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Recent catastrophic dust explosions, the combustible dust National Emphasis Program (NEP), and OSHA proposed rulemaking, have increased awareness of...

Process Safety Regulations - Blessing or Curse?

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Are Process Safety / Risk Management regulations a blessing or a curse? The answer of course is “it depends.” There is little doubt that Process...

Leveraging PSM to Implement Key Elements of a SIS Program

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61511 standard, “Functional Safety – Safety Instrumented Systems for the Process Industry Sector...

The US Chemical Safety Board and Inherently Safer Technology

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The United State (US) Chemical Safety Board (CSB) was created by the same legislation that mandated the regulation of high hazard industries by the...

An Update on OSHA's PSM National Emphasis Programs

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

PSM Auditing Dilemmas

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
In most PSM audits, the audit team will face one or more situations that represent a dilemma. These dilemmas usually require the individual auditor...

Challenges in Hosting an NEP Inspection

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
An NEP inspection can be very resource intensive; OSHA has received over well over 10,000 pages of documentation at one refinery during an NEP...

OSHA Chemical NEP Panel Discussion

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
This presentation will provide additional time for the session speakers to discuss additional aspects of the OSHA Chemical National Emphasis Program...

OSHA Refinery and Chemical NEP Findings

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

Preparing for the Chemical NEP

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On July 27, 2009, OSHA issued a National Emphasis Program for the chemical industry (“the Chemical NEP”). Pursuant to the Chemical NEP, OSHA will...

Complying with OSHA's RNEP, CNEP, and VPP RAGAGEP

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The OSHA Refinery National Emphasis Program (NEP) and OSHA Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) PSM Supplement ask specific questions relative to many...

Process Safety Management in the Energy Sector

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes experience of application of the principles of process safety management within Centrica plc, an integrated energy company with...

Process Safety - From the Top-Down and Bottom-up

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - 9:30am
The theme of this session is implementing Process Safety systems from two different perspectives: (1) what Senior Management needs from process...

Auditing Process Safety

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2009 - 6:00am
The 2nd Edition of the CCPS Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems is currently being prepared. This session will include papers...

A Century of Process Safety: Process Safety at OSHA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Monday, November 17, 2008 - 12:00pm-12:30pm
This presentation will provide a brief history of OSHA's efforts in process safety management. It will include discussion of the PSM standard and...

Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases

March, 1995
This Guidelines book provides technical information on how to conduct a consequence analysis to satisfy your company's needs and the EPA rules. It covers quantifying the size of a release, dispersion of vapor clouds to an endpoint concentration, outcomes for various types of explosions and fires,...

Practical Compliance with the EPA Risk Management Program: A CCPS Concept Book

July, 2009
At last, smaller chemical processing operations have truly easy access to process safety and risk management programs tailored to meet their needs. Written as a "how to" book with checklists, it offers sufficient information for managers of facilities with small chemical operations to implement a...

Six Steps to Effectively Update and Revalidate PHAs

January
2001
Safety
David K. Whittle, Kevin  Smith
Process hazard analyses must be revamped — or redone from scratch — every five years by law. Following the guidance given here will facilitate this effort.

OSHA's New Chemical NEP: How to Make the Grade and Earn Extra Credit

October
2012
Safety
Heather Forgione, Henry Ozog
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration evaluates chemical facilities’ process safety management systems through a new national emphasis program. Follow these tips to reduce your risk of receiving citations, streamline the inspection process, and pave the way for future excellence.

Reshaping Process Safety Regulations

March
2002
Safety
Walter L. Frank
Changes to OSHA's PSM rule and EPA's RMP programs are underway, due to pressures from various groups and the need for greater security.

Developing Safety Standard for Pilot Plants

October
2006
Safety
Richard P. Palluzi
Safety standards can significantly improve pilot plant safety and increase efficiency. This article addresses many of the issues involved in developing, deploying and using such standards.

Before OSHA Comes Knocking ...

March
2009
Safety
Daniel Steinway
The OSHA Process Safety Management National Emphasis Program will soon apply to the chemical industry, targeting compliance with safety standards associated with chemical hazards.

Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems, 2nd Edition

February, 2011
This book discusses the fundamental skills, techniques, and tools of auditing, and the characteristics of a good process safety management system. A variety of approaches are given so the reader can select the best methodology for a given audit. This book updates the original CCPS Auditing...

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Hot Work Hazards

August
2012
Process Safety Beacon
A contract welder and a foreman were repairing an agitator support on top of an atmospheric-pressure storage tank. The tank contained a polyvinyl fluoride slurry with a flammable concentration if vinyl fluoride in the vapor space. An explosion...

Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems

March, 2006
Process vent header collection systems are subject to continually varying compositions and flow rates and thus present significant challenges for safe design. Due to increasingly demanding safety, health, environmental, and property protection requirements, today's industrial designers are faced...

Nitrogen — Hazard and Safeguard

June
2012
Process Safety Beacon
This Beacon is not focused on a single incident, but on incidents that continue to occur across industry — nitrogen asphyxiation.
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