Process Safety Culture

On February 1, 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated during re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven crewmembers aboard. After extensive investigation, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) concluded that the organizational safety culture gaps contributed significantly to this loss. Upon review of The CAIB report, the CCPS Technical Steering Committee concluded that the same cultural factors that impacted NASA could also impact on the chemical and petroleumn industries. CCPS invites chemical, petroleum, and other companies to use these materials to evaluate their company's process safety culture and to develop improvement strategies.

Developing, sustaining, and enhancing the organization's process safety culture is one of elements in the RBPS pillar of committing to process safety. CCPS members invite you to start the journey by reviewing the Building Process Safety Culture Tool Kit and then explore resources listed below to understand the attributes of a sound culture, and how your organization might begin to enhance its own culture.

Improving the Performance of Established PSM Programs

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Many facilities have now implemented and maintained PSM programs for 20 years or more, but these facilities continue to have sometimes serious...

Retired and Dangerous

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
“Planning not to retire is simply not a viable retirement strategy.” — Catherine Collinson, Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies The Hazard...

Are Your Credits Worthy?

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Chemical and petrochemical manufacturing processes can be subject to high consequence, low frequency events. Process Safety Management programs are...

The CCPS Reactivity Evaluation Software Tool

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Incidents involving uncontrolled chemical reactions continue to result in injuries, fatalities and economic loss and harm in industry. These...

Avoiding Common PHA Mistakes

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
OSHA's National Emphasis Program (NEP) on refineries has concluded. The two most cited elements of the Process Safety Management standard (PSM - 1910...

Human Factors and Their Optimization

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Weak control of human factors leads directly to error. An error can result in an initiating event of an accident sequence (directly by the mistake...

PSM Metrics Impact on Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Several years ago our facility recognized the need to expand from a PSM Program managed by a small group to a PSM Culture owned by the full facility...

A Key Factor In Hazardous Processes: Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The significance of Safety Culture is becoming increasingly recognized as a key factor to achieve the safe operation of hazardous processes. This...

A Framework for Human Error Analysis of Emergency Situations

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Human factors play an important role in the escape, evacuation and rescue process. Human factors analysis is rooted in the concept that the frequency...

How to Evaluate Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
At first glance it may seem that organizational culture is subjective and therefore difficult to measure. Indeed, even the definition of culture...

Journey towards PSM Excellence

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes the experience, learning and major challenges in implementing Process Safety Management at Reliance Industries Limited (RIL)...

Process Safety in the Face of Significant Change

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Development of an effective process safety culture requires employees to look beyond intended performance, to their own nonconscious assumptions...

Stability Analysis of Safety Valve

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The stability for a safety valve was investigated by experiments and analysis. It was found that the dynamic instability was caused by the...

LNG Safety - II

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 29, 2009 - 10:00am
This session presents advancements in LNG safety in LNG baseload and receiving terminals, LNG ships and other related areas. LNG Vapor Dispersion...

Fire, Explosion, & Quantitative Analysis

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - 11:30am
Fires and explosions result in the largest losses in process safety accidents. The increased sensitivity by industry, regulatory, and public sectors...

Process Safety - From the Top-Down and Bottom-up

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - 9:30am
The theme of this session is implementing Process Safety systems from two different perspectives: (1) what Senior Management needs from process...

Process Safety Metrics and Culture

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - 4:00am
This session features presentations focusing on using the new CCPS Process Safety Metrics and other metrics to drive continual improvement in a...

Safety Culture and Operational Discipline

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2009 - 9:30am
This session focuses on the cultural aspects of a successful Process Safety program. Papers that are presented cover new and innovative ideas on...

Implementing PSM Globally

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2009 - 9:30am
In the last several years there have been numerous changes in technical and analytical methods, process safety management systems, regulations,...

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - Discover Your Personal Process Safety Culture

February
2014
Spotlight on Safety
John Herber
Culture can be defined as a collective group of shared beliefs and values that shape how we act. We think of culture as it relates to the actions and reactions of a group, company, or society. However, it can also characterize an individual — what influences how you make day-to-day decisions or handle various situations. Personal process safety culture can be assessed by observing someone’s (yours or another person’s) response to situations involving a safety violation.

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

August, 2004
Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce...

Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design

June, 2001
This book presents an approach—termed MERITT (Maximizing EHS Returns by Integrating Tools and Talents)—for enhancing process development through better integration of environmental, health, and safety evaluations. It draws upon critical components of inherent safety, pollution prevention, green...

Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations

September, 2000
In today’s competitive economy, companies often augment in-house production by outsourcing chemical reaction processes and distillation, drying, formulating, blending, and packaging operations. While most of these tolling, or contracted manufacturing services, proceed without incident, recent major...

Guidelines for Vapor Release Mitigation

April, 1988
Guidelines for Vapor Release Mitigation is a survey of current industrial practice for controlling accidental releases of hazardous vapors and preventing their escape from the source area.

Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries

November, 2011
This book provides guidance on characterizing, recognizing, and responding to warning signs to help avoid process incidents and injuries before they occur. The guidance can be used by both process safety management (PSM) professionals in evaluating their processes and PSM systems as well as for...

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Double Block and Bleed

March
2012
Process Safety Beacon
The December 2011 Beacon described an incident where a missing plug on a vent line resulted in a flammable material leak that caught fire, causing a fatality. That incident reminded us of the importance of caps and plugs on process vent lines and...

Managing Dust Explosion Hazards

August
2009
Safety
Vahid Ebadat
Companies that handle powders or other particulate solids need to be aware of the potential for fire and explosions, and follow industry best practices, codes and standards to manage the risk.

Should Your Organization Fly Warning Flags?

December
2009
Safety
Ian Sutton
In the safety culture of some companies, the first recognition of trouble may be a sudden and massive failure. Learn how to decipher the warning signals to avoid safety incidents. <BR><BR>
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