Process Safety Culture

On February 1, 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated during re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven crewmembers aboard. After extensive investigation, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) concluded that the organizational safety culture gaps contributed significantly to this loss. Upon review of The CAIB report, the CCPS Technical Steering Committee concluded that the same cultural factors that impacted NASA could also impact on the chemical and petroleumn industries. CCPS invites chemical, petroleum, and other companies to use these materials to evaluate their company's process safety culture and to develop improvement strategies.

Developing, sustaining, and enhancing the organization's process safety culture is one of elements in the RBPS pillar of committing to process safety. CCPS members invite you to start the journey by reviewing the Building Process Safety Culture Tool Kit and then explore resources listed below to understand the attributes of a sound culture, and how your organization might begin to enhance its own culture.

Foundations of Process Safety

Instructor-led (classroom) Course
CCPS
This intensive 4-day course is also offered periodically throughout the year to the broader chemical engineering public. Taught jointly by process...

Process Safety Boot Camp

Instructor-led (classroom) Course
CCPS
This intensive 4-day course is also offered periodically throughout the year to the broader chemical engineering public. Taught jointly by process...

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - Discover Your Personal Process Safety Culture

February
2014
Spotlight on Safety
John Herber
Culture can be defined as a collective group of shared beliefs and values that shape how we act. We think of culture as it relates to the actions and reactions of a group, company, or society. However, it can also characterize an individual — what influences how you make day-to-day decisions or handle various situations. Personal process safety culture can be assessed by observing someone’s (yours or another person’s) response to situations involving a safety violation.

Tutorial on Combustible Dust

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 3, 2012
Recent catastrophic dust explosions, the combustible dust National Emphasis Program (NEP), and OSHA proposed rulemaking, have increased awareness of...

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

August, 2004
Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce...

Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design

June, 2001
This book presents an approach—termed MERITT (Maximizing EHS Returns by Integrating Tools and Talents)—for enhancing process development through better integration of environmental, health, and safety evaluations. It draws upon critical components of inherent safety, pollution prevention, green...

Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations

September, 2000
In today’s competitive economy, companies often augment in-house production by outsourcing chemical reaction processes and distillation, drying, formulating, blending, and packaging operations. While most of these tolling, or contracted manufacturing services, proceed without incident, recent major...

Guidelines for Vapor Release Mitigation

April, 1988
Guidelines for Vapor Release Mitigation is a survey of current industrial practice for controlling accidental releases of hazardous vapors and preventing their escape from the source area.

Fatal Exposure: Tragedy At DuPont

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 4, 2012
This investigation by the United States Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) provides unique lessons in process safety. Three...

Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries

November, 2011
This book provides guidance on characterizing, recognizing, and responding to warning signs to help avoid process incidents and injuries before they occur. The guidance can be used by both process safety management (PSM) professionals in evaluating their processes and PSM systems as well as for...

Beware of the Black Swan

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 4, 2012
In 16 th century London, a statement that describes impossibility was referred to as a “black swan” because all historical records of swans up to...

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Double Block and Bleed

March
2012
Process Safety Beacon
The December 2011 Beacon described an incident where a missing plug on a vent line resulted in a flammable material leak that caught fire, causing a fatality. That incident reminded us of the importance of caps and plugs on process vent lines and...

Process Safety - From the Top-Down and Bottom-up

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
The theme of this session is implementing Process Safety systems from two different perspectives: (1) what Senior Management needs from process...

Managing Dust Explosion Hazards

August
2009
Safety
Vahid Ebadat
Companies that handle powders or other particulate solids need to be aware of the potential for fire and explosions, and follow industry best practices, codes and standards to manage the risk.

Proven in Use (What's the Quality of Your Data)

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 4, 2012
To perform LOPA's, fault tree analysis, SIL verifications and other quantitative likelihood analyses requires data. As much as everyone wants data,...

Societal Risk Criteria and Pipelines

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 4, 2012
The discussion of societal risk criteria for the process industry began in the 1970's, led primarily by the Dutch and British governments. Most of...

Flash Fire From a Hot Combustible Liquid

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 4, 2012
A truck driver loading a tanker was fatally injured in a flash fire. The accident occurred at the loading rack of a petroleum refinery. The truck...

Gains From Getting near Misses Reported

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 3, 2012
[An earlier edition of this paper was first presented at the “International Conference and Workshop – Process Safety Incidents,” 2000, organized by...

Fire From Iron

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 3, 2012
Although the potential consequences of combustible dust explosions are becoming more widely known, the potential consequences of combustible dust...

A Pre-Plan for Process Safety Management

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 3, 2012
This paper will present the steps a small pharmaceutical research and development company is taking to prepare for Process Safety Management (PSM)...

Operational Group for Process Safety

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 3, 2012
With the increase in requirements for monitoring and improving process safety indicators on a thermoelectric unit linked to a Braskem Basic...

Taking a Risk for Safety

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 3, 2012
Taking a Risk for Safety Over the last twenty years companies in the process industries have invested heavily in their occupational safety programs...

Go out and lead on Process Safety Management

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 3, 2012
This paper will share the UK's experience of risk control for major hazards and will emphasise the key role corporate governance and leadership plays...

Retired and Dangerous

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2012
“Planning not to retire is simply not a viable retirement strategy.” — Catherine Collinson, Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies The Hazard...

Are Your Credits Worthy?

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2012
Chemical and petrochemical manufacturing processes can be subject to high consequence, low frequency events. Process Safety Management programs are...

Avoiding Common PHA Mistakes

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2012
OSHA's National Emphasis Program (NEP) on refineries has concluded. The two most cited elements of the Process Safety Management standard (PSM - 1910...

The CCPS Reactivity Evaluation Software Tool

Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2012
Incidents involving uncontrolled chemical reactions continue to result in injuries, fatalities and economic loss and harm in industry. These...

Stability Analysis of Safety Valve

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
The stability for a safety valve was investigated by experiments and analysis. It was found that the dynamic instability was caused by the...
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