A measure of the force exerted by one charged body on another. Imaginary “lines of force” or “electric field lines” originate (by convention) on positive charges and terminate on negative charges. They can be thought of as elastic lines which repel each other in a direction perpendicular to the line itself. The electric field intensity (volts/meter) at any location is the force (Newtons) that would be experienced by unit test charge (Coulombs) placed at the location. A uniform electric field is an ideal case in which the electric field lines are parallel with one another, for example between the plates of a large, parallel plate air capacitor. A divergent electric field is one in which the field intensity changes with distance, for example in a capacitor comprising a sphere and a plate. In practical situations electric fields are rarely uniform, particularly within solids and liquids.
Notice: The AIChE website is undergoing an ecommerce system upgrade to better serve you. Until Wednesday, December 11 at 9:00 AM EST you will not be able to reliably purchase or renew any AIChE products or services through the website... Learn more