BLEVE

A Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion is a blast resulting from the sudden release and nearly instantaneous vaporization of a liquid under greater-than-atmospheric pressure at a temperature above its atmospheric boiling point. The material may be flammable or nonflammable. A BLEVE is often accompanied by a fireball if the contained liquid is flammable and its release results from vessel failure. (CCPS, 1996, no. 22)