A Detailed Mechanism of Solar Thermochemical Carbon Dioxide Splitting With CeO2

Developed by: AIChE
  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Annual Meeting
  • Presentation Date:
    November 5, 2013
  • Duration:
    30 minutes
  • Skill Level:
  • PDHs:

Share This Post:

You will be able to download and print a certificate for PDH credits once the content has been viewed. If you have already viewed this content, please click here to login.

Currently ceria is a favored material within the concentrated solar power fuels community. The kinetic mechanisms responsible for ceria’s catalytic activity have been studied in great detail at lower temperatures and under numerous chemical environments. However , there is a critical gap in the knowledge base of ceria’s oxidation kinetics under conditions appropriate for solar thermochemical processes. An understanding of the mechanistic pathway and a detailed engineering model of the oxidation step is necessary to develop accurate computational models for the design and optimization of concentrated solar receiver reactors. In this work , we focus on ceria mediated CO2 splitting process as a case study , and apply a solid state numerical approach and a micro-kinetic analysis that separates experimental artifacts from material-specific fuel production behavior; yielding high quality fits to experimentally determined CO production rates over the entire reaction time domain. The results of this study show that the CO2 splitting reaction is a complex surface phenomenon where temperature-dependent site blocking and mechanism transition occurs at the different oxidation temperatures.




Do you already own this?

Log In for instructions on accessing this content.


AIChE Member Credits 0.5
AIChE Members $15.00
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
Non-Members $25.00